A hydrogen production and conversion testing facility will be created at Kola NPP. The complex, which is expected to be put into operation in 2023, will be equipped with 1 MW-capacity electrolysis plants. Capacity and production are later expected to be increased to 10 MW.

Kola NPP was chosen as a pilot site for hydrogen production in Russia, as the plant produces low-cost energy at a surplus and has all the necessary infrastructure for such an endeavour, as well as experience producing hydrogen in small quantities for its own energy needs.

Kola NPP will also be expanded with two new power units in the coming years, with the start of construction scheduled for 2028. The first of these two power units is expected to be commissioned in 2034.

“The lifespan of the Kola NPP’s currently operating power units ends in 2033-2034, and today we are faced with the task to replace the decommissioned capacities [in the coming years]. The decision to build Kola NPP-2 was made at the end of the 20th century, but has yet to be implemented. A construction site was [nevertheless] selected and preliminary surveys were carried out,” said Kola NPP Director Vasily Omelchuk.

The two new power units will each be equipped with a 600 MW-capacity VVER reactor, which sets itself apart with spectral control and especially high safety levels. The project is currently in its preparatory stages.